Ankle and foot fractures are classified according to the bone or joint involved, with calcaneus referring to the heel, talus to the ankle joint and lisfranc to midfoot fractures. The complexity of the break will determine the extent of surgical reconstruction required.
When several bones are involved and/or damage extends to the ligaments, which hold the joint or bones in position, reconstructive surgery may involve manual realignment of the joint as well as the insertion of permanent screws to ensure proper bone placement and regrowth. In order to reduce patient pain and speed recovery time, Dr. Vora uses arthroscopic surgery methods whenever possible.
Dislocations and fractures of the ankle or foot have many causes, including automobile accidents, running mishaps and contact sports injuries, although often it is a more mundane occurrence that results in the break, such as missing a step on a staircase or having something heavy fall onto the top of your foot.
Regardless of the cause, the injury should be examined by a medical professional and referred to an orthopaedic surgeon if surgery seems warranted. At this point, the foot and ankle surgeon can determine how best to proceed, including if the type of fracture is one that requires emergency surgery.
While some fractures are so slight that you may be able to walk on the injured foot, others like a lisfranc break can result in a complication known as compartment syndrome, which is a build-up of pressure within the tissues of the foot and which requires immediate surgery to prevent tissue damage.
For more information on these injuries and their treatments please see: